The Victorian government passed a bill in parliament on Tuesday that bans all onshore fracking in the state in a move labelled as a "win for regional Victoria".
In a move likely to induce the ire of mining companies, the bill will see Victoria become the first state in Australia to ban onshore unconventional gas exploration and development through methods such as fracking and coal seam gas.
Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews, who presented the Bill, took to Twitter to celebrate.
In a statement released on Monday, Victorian Minister for Resources, Wade Noonan said: "This is a historic day for our state. We promised we would ban fracking – and that is exactly what we have done.
"This is a win for people power and regional communities across Victoria who have campaigned for years to see this ban in place."
The move comes after years of calls from regional farming communities in the state to ban unconventional gas in light of concerns about the potential environmental impacts it could have.
The decision also marks the extension of the temporary ban on conventional onshore gas exploration and development until the end of June, 2020.
The Victorian government has said it will use this time to continue research, conducted by an expert panel of scientists, into the potential risks of fracking on the environment.
"We will now use the moratorium on conventional gas exploration to better understand its potential risks and benefits and we'll listen to the experts," Noonan said.
In response, Victorians took to social media to express their satisfaction with the ban.
Fracking is the process of drilling into the earth before a high-pressure liquid mix of water and other chemicals is used on sedimentary rock in order to release gases stored inside. The term 'Fracking' refers to the fracturing of the rock throughout the process.
Why is it controversial?
The Fracking process has caused environmental concerns due to the use and transportation of huge amounts of water. Issues have also been raised over the potential for harmful chemicals to be released during the shattering of the rocks, as well as the threat of tremors and earthquakes.
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