24/11/2015 5:09 AM AEDT | Updated 15/07/2016 12:51 PM AEST

Harm Reduction The Key To Drugs Policy

Richard Chenery rests after injecting heroin he bought on the street at the Insite safe injection clinic in Vancouver, B.C., on Wednesday May 11, 2011. Insite, North America's first and only legal injection site, promoted by its founders as a safe, humane facility for drug abusers, is now facing a court challenge from the Conservative government that sees it as a facilitator of drug abuse. The case opens before the Supreme Court of Canada in Ottawa on Thursday, May 12, 2011 and has drawn international attention. (AP Photo/The Canadian Press, Darryl Dyck)

When my son Damien got involved with heroin at the age of 21, I admit that I knew very little about hard drugs. It is also true that I did not know much more when he died of an overdose a year later.

His death motivated me to learn more and, at first, in my anger, I wanted to go after the dealers who had been supplying him drugs. Fortunately I realised quickly that no matter how much energy I put into trying to pursue that it was largely a waste of time and effort.

I then switched to trying to find out about drugs and drug policy and the concept of harm reduction. I was shocked to discover that people do not need to die. It is the illegality that causes the 3 main problems -- death, disease and prison.

It immediately made sense to me -- especially when I realised that this 'war on drugs' we had been pursuing for 30 years was getting us nowhere.

After starting Family Drug Support we advocated strongly for heroin prescription, enhanced methadone treatment and injecting facilities, with the aim of keeping people safe and alive.

I decided to go to Europe and see first hand the facilities that I was advocating for. With the late Professor Michael Dawson I went to Switzerland to view the services and attend a harm reduction conference in Geneva. I confess that I went full of trepidation. I had determined that if what I saw was not the right policy I would be prepared to change my mind and say so publically.

What we experienced confirmed and strengthened my attitudes. The facilities were effective, unobtrusive and popular. The people running them were both compassionate and pragmatic. There were no apparent negatives. I also got to meet international experts who confirmed the harm reduction benefits.

It was therefore very disappointing to return to Australia and witness the implementation of a new 'tough on drugs' strategy using the same old war rhetoric, and at the same time we lost opportunities. We could have had a trial of prescription heroin, more injecting facilities, and taken criminal sanctions away from using drugs. The shame and stigma that users and their families still face would surely have been reduced.

The 1999 NSW Drug Summit brought the one and only successful reform -- the medically supervised injecting facility in Kings Cross, which has undoubtedly saved lives and brought other benefits. Neither major political party has been brave enough to take leadership over drugs despite many overseas successes.

We cannot even get the anti-overdose medication freely available to family and friends despite there being no negative side effects.

Now the sector faces millions of dollars in funding cuts, which will be a catastrophe.

Families do not condone, support nor promote the spread of drug taking. All of us wish for our family member to get out of the drug scene. Sadly this does not happen quickly or easily. Over time we have seen many people give up drugs, reduce drug use, have better control and safer use.

I am convinced my son Damien could have taken the right steps to overcome his problems and achieve a productive goal in life. He and many others never got the opportunity. Harm reduction stands beside all forms of drug treatment as a legitimate and much-needed element in drug policy.

If you need help in a crisis, call Lifeline on 131114. For further information about depression, contact beyond blue on 1300224636 or talk to your GP, local health professional or someone you trust.


Tony Trimingham is Vice President and Co-Founder of Harm Reduction Australia and CEO of Family Drug Support.

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